MODIS data based semi-real time media GIS contents to support natural disaster mitigation

Perera, Kithsiri and Tateishi, Ryutaro (2014) MODIS data based semi-real time media GIS contents to support natural disaster mitigation. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 1 (2).

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Abstract

Natural disaster mitigation is a collective effort of; forecast, assessment, and encouraging the public participation in disaster mitigation. This study focused on the rarely addressed aspect, 'the value of public awareness' in natural disaster mitigation. The methodology used satellite data and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to produce semi-real-time 'Media GIS' contents. When deliver the content to the media with maximizing four related factors; speed, attractiveness, richness, and accuracy, Media GIS contents will help to increase the public awareness on the respective disaster. The methodology to produce Media GIS contents is based on; basic fundamentals of GIS, freely available satellite images, and information extracted from Google Earth. Hence, contents carry inherent characters of GIS and significantly different from conventional graphics in media. Also the graphical variables like, size, value, texture, hue, orientation, and shape, were optimized to match with target content users (age group, social group) and medium (print, TV, WEB, mobile), while minimizing the cost. With the news brakes of the disaster, MODIS (250m) satellite data can be extracted in GeoTIFF and KLM (Keyhole Markup Language) formats. The KML file can be overlayed on Google Earth, to extract more spatial information of the area of interest. Photoshop or any similar graphic software can be used to create the product while keeping the geometric character of the content. The final output (in TIFF/JPEG and KLM file) is the GIS media content for TV, WEB, mobile contents, and for print media, which support to increase the public awareness of the disaster. Two cases studies; disastrous flood occurred in Bangkok in 2011 and the severe drought recorded in eastern Sri Lanka in 2014, are presented in the study.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2015 05:58
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2017 01:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: disaster mitigation, media GIS, MODIS, NDVI, semi real time, public awareness
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0499 Other Earth Sciences > 049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9610 Natural Hazards > 961099 Natural Hazards not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27214

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