Legal risk management and injury in the fitness industry: the outcomes of focus group research and a national survey of fitness professionals

Keyzer, Patrick and Coyle, Ian R. and Dietrich, Joachim and Norton, Kevin and Sekendiz, Betul and Jones, Veronica and Finch, Caroline F. (2014) Legal risk management and injury in the fitness industry: the outcomes of focus group research and a national survey of fitness professionals. Journal of Law and Medicine, 21 (4). pp. 826-844. ISSN 1320-159X


The Australian Fitness Industry Risk Management (AFIRM) Project was set up to explore the operation of rules and regulations for the delivery of safe fitness services. This article summarises the results of recent focus group research and a national survey of risk management practices by the AFIRM Project. Our focus group research in four States identified the following most important concerns: (1) the competency of fitness professionals; (2) the effectiveness of pre-exercise screening and the management of de-conditioned clients; (3) poor supervision of fitness service users and incorrect use of equipment; (4) fitness trainers failing to remain within their scope of practice; (5) equipment misuse (as distinct from incorrect use); and (6) poor fitness training environments. This information was then used to develop 45 specific items for a questionnaire that was disseminated throughout the fitness industry. The survey, which is the largest ever conducted in the Australian fitness industry (n = 1,178), identified similar concerns. Our research indicates that efforts to improve risk management in the fitness industry should focus, first and foremost, on the development and monitoring of safety policy, and improvements in the education and training of fitness instructors to ensure that they can incorporate risk management practices.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology, Counselling and Community
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 03:00
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 03:04
Uncontrolled Keywords: fitness industry; Australia; Australian; questionnaire
Fields of Research : 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1504 Commercial Services > 150404 Sport and Leisure Management

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