Effect of surface modifications on the thermal and moisture behavior of wool fabric

Wang, Xin and Zhao, Yuan and Li, Wenbin and Wang, Hao (2015) Effect of surface modifications on the thermal and moisture behavior of wool fabric. Applied Surface Science, 342. pp. 101-105. ISSN 0169-4332


Thermal and moisture behavior is crucial in determining the comfort of clothing. Surface modification of fibers brings new functions and properties to fibrous materials, but the comfort of the as-made clothing changes accordingly due to different thermal and moisture behaviors. In this study, physical and chemical modifications have been conducted to wool fabric to investigate their effects on the thermal and moisture behaviors of clothing. Surface wettability, wicking properties, thermal and moisture resistance together with surface temperature and humidity of the microclimate have been tested. It has been found that the wettability of wool fabric is greatly improved and wicking properties are granted to the fabric. Higher thermal and moisture resistance have been noticed for the treated wool fabric. The treated fabric shows longer moisture liberation process and the surface temperature and humidity varies in a different way compared with untreated fabric. Understanding the thermal and moisture behaviors of fabric after surface modification would benefit the further development of surface functionalizing technology and design of next to skin clothing.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 22:52
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2016 04:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: humidity; moisture resistance; surface modification; temperature; thermal resistance; wool fabric
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030307 Theory and Design of Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8604 Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles > 860403 Natural Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.03.027
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/27163

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