Australian unarmed peacekeepers on Bougainville, 1997-2003

Gehrmann, Richard and Grant, Matt and Rose, Samantha (2015) Australian unarmed peacekeepers on Bougainville, 1997-2003. Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, 27 (1). pp. 52-60. ISSN 1040-2659


This paper examines the Bougainville peacekeeping operation in Papua New Guinea from an Australian perspective as an unarmed peace operation, highlighting the challenges and impacts of community engagement, and the pivotal role of Bougainville women who were significant as unarmed civilians in negotiating peace. This paper's scope is largely on the experience of Australians as unarmed peace keepers, although the significant contribution of New Zealander, Fijian and ni-Vanuatu personnel is acknowledged, as is the agency of Bougainville people in facilitating peace. This highly successful peacekeeping operation was an unconventional one that linked civilians and the military in a demonstration that showed how unarmed civilian peacekeepers working beside their unarmed military counterparts could achieve success in a conflict zone by using their combined military and civilian skills to successfully facilitate conflict resolution and attitudinal change.
This hybrid example of PKO presents exciting and innovative lessons, and also demonstrates ways in which the military can be influenced to adopt a civilian ethos and appearance, to achieve mission success.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Arts and Communication
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2015 01:38
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2016 01:39
Uncontrolled Keywords: unarmed peacekeeping; peacebuilding; Bougainville; Papua New Guinea; civil-military cooperation; Australian Defence Force
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160607 International Relations
21 History and Archaeology > 2103 Historical Studies > 210313 Pacific History (excl. New Zealand and Maori)
16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160604 Defence Studies
Socio-Economic Objective: A Defence > 81 Defence > 8101 Defence > 810199 Defence not elsewhere classified
C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9403 International Relations > 940302 International Aid and Development
C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australia's Past
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/10402659.2015.1000192

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