Small-scale membrane-based desalinators: developing a viable concept for sustainable arsenic removal from groundwater

Hoinkis, Jan and Deowan, S. A. and Herrmann, M. and Schmidt, S. and Gukelberger, E. and Fiedler, F. and Grossmann, B. and Ghosh, A. K. and Chatterjee, D. and Bundschuh, J. (2014) Small-scale membrane-based desalinators: developing a viable concept for sustainable arsenic removal from groundwater. In: 5th International Congress on Arsenic in the Environment (As 2014): One Century of the Discovery of Arsenicosis in Latin America (1914-2014), 11-16 May 2014, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Arsenic poisoning in drinking water is a health issue in many countries worldwide including Bangladesh, India, Argentina, China and Vietnam. In areas where the drinking water supply contains unsafe levels of arsenic, technologies to remove arsenic are of prime importance. Many technologies have been developed for the removal of arsenic. Among those, Reverse Osmosis (RO) and NanoFiltration (NF) are very promising techniques because they have the advantage of removing dissolved arsenic along with other dissolved and particulate compounds. So far, however, this kind of membrane filtration has needed bulky and sophisticated units, which are not suitable for application in the rural areas of developing and newly industrializing countries. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to develop and test a simple and viable concept for membrane based arsenic removal in rural areas of developing countries. For this purpose, laboratory work was done at Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences and pilot-scale experiments were conducted in rural India.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. Chapter 268
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2016 05:10
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 23:40
Uncontrolled Keywords: arsenic; developing countries; groundwater; microfiltration; pollution control; rural areas
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040603 Hydrogeology
09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090410 Water Treatment Processes
03 Chemical Sciences > 0399 Other Chemical Sciences > 039901 Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961103 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments (excl. Urban and Industrial Use)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1201/b16767-281
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26815

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