Evaluating the merits of using brief measures of PTSD or general mental health measures in two-stage PTSD screening

Steele, Nicole M. and Benassi, Helen P. and Chesney, Catherine J. and Nicholson, Cherie and Fogarty, Gerard J. (2014) Evaluating the merits of using brief measures of PTSD or general mental health measures in two-stage PTSD screening. Military Medicine, 179 (12). pp. 1497-1502. ISSN 0026-4075

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Abstract

Psychological screening of large numbers of personnel returning from deployments should be as brief as possible without sacrificing the ability to detect individuals who are experiencing serious psychological difficulties. This study focused on screening for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in 421 deployed male members of the Australian Army while they were on deployment and again 3 to 6 months after they returned home. The first aim was to evaluate the performance of the Primary Care—Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Screen (PC-PTSD) and a 4-item version of the 17-item Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL). A second aim was to evaluate the role of the Kessler-10 (K10) in psychological screening. The results indicated that the short form of the PCL was a better substitute for the full PCL than the PC-PTSD. Other results suggested that a more efficient screening process can be achieved using an initial K10 screening followed by more intensive PTSD screening for people identified as high risk. An additional advantage of an initial K10 filter is that other forms of mental illness could also be targeted in the second stage screening.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: c. AMSUS 2014. The correct APA citation for this paper is: Steele, N.M., Benassi, H. P., Chesney,C. J., Nicholson, C., & Fogarty, G. J. (2014). Evaluating the Merits of Using Brief Measures of PTSD or General Mental Health Measures in Two-Stage PTSD Screening. Military Medicine, 179(12), 1497-1502.
Faculty / Department / School: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 06:03
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2016 06:03
Uncontrolled Keywords: PTSD, posttaumatic stress disorder, mental health screening, deployment, mental health
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: A Defence > 81 Defence > 8101 Defence > 810102 Army
Identification Number or DOI: 10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00183
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26772

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