Assessment and non-pharmacological management among adults with a dementia diagnosis in a residential care setting: a best practice implementation project

Hynes, Antonia and Beirne, Sue and Taylor, Melissa and Moloney, Clint (2014) Assessment and non-pharmacological management among adults with a dementia diagnosis in a residential care setting: a best practice implementation project. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 12 (9). pp. 489-501.

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Abstract

Background
This evidence implementation project reports on a project conducted in the 17 bed special care unit of Symes Thorpe Residential Facility in Queensland that focused on improving assessment and management of elderly residents diagnosed with dementia. The motivation for the project, and its value, should be understood in the context of a lack of validated tool or standardized documentation being used to assess behaviors of residents diagnosed with dementia as well as little targeted education being provided to staff on behaviour management strategies.
Objectives
To promote evidence based assessment and non-pharmacological management of challenging behavior in elderly adults living with dementia in a residential setting in Queensland.
Methods
The project design was based on the Joanna Briggs Institute's Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System and Getting Research into Practice audit and feedback tool. A baseline audit of care documentation in the 17 residents in the special care unit was conducted. Meetings were held with the project team to reflect on the findings of the baseline audit and plan strategies to improve practice. A validated tool, the 'Cohen-Mansfield Agitation inventory', was introduced to improve assessment of patients together with a program of staff education to inform the use of the Inventory. A staff education program was introduced to improve staff awareness and use of strategies for behaviour management of residents in the special care unit. Two follow up audits were conducted. The second audit was undertaken 3 months post introduction of the Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory and staff education program.
Results
The follow up audits demonstrated 100% compliance of usage of the Cohen Mansfield agitation inventory and 100% staff attendance at education sessions. The audit also showed significant increase and improvement in quality of related resident care documentation e.g. documenting outcomes of use of non-pharmacological therapy such as music, exercise, pets etc.
Conclusions
The findings show that a comprehensive education program can make an effective contribution to the understanding of challenging behaviours in dementia residents, and the associated documentation required to monitor them effectively.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2015 04:48
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2015 05:39
Uncontrolled Keywords: best practice; implementation; dementia; non-pharmacological; challenging behaviours
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111005 Mental Health Nursing
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111001 Aged Care Nursing
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920502 Health Related to Ageing
Identification Number or DOI: doi:10.11124/jbisrir-2014-1686
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26705

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