Geopolymer concrete: the green alternative with suitable structural properties

Muttashar, Majid and Lokuge, Weena and Karunasena, Warna (2014) Geopolymer concrete: the green alternative with suitable structural properties. In: 23rd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM23), 9-12 Dec 2014, Byron Bay, Australia.

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Concrete is the most widely used building material around the world because of the availability of raw materials, the simplicity in preparation and the moulding into different shapes. One of the main ingredients in a normal concrete mixture is Portland cement. However recent literature reveals that cement industry accounts for approximately 5 % of the current man made carbon dioxide (CO2) emission worldwide. World cement demand and production are ever increasing with the expected growth is from approximately 2836 million tons in 2010 to between 3680 (low estimate) and 4380 million tons (high estimate) by 2050. Knowing that about 1.5 tons of raw materials are needed in the production of every ton of Portland cement concrete and about one ton of CO2 is released in to the environment during the production, developing alternative construction materials is required. This paper will review the utilization of geopolymer concrete as an alternative for Ordinary Portland Cement concrete. The use of new greener material instead of concrete requires two main characteristics: reduced environmental impact which is a main concern in the world and better structural performance. This paper aims at investigating these characteristics using the available literature.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source. Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2015 22:29
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 04:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: geopolymer concrete, green alternative, structural performance, mechanical properties
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering

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