A prospective study of the introduction of complementary foods in contemporary Australian infants: What, when and why?

Newby, Ruth M. and Davies, Peter S. W, (2015) A prospective study of the introduction of complementary foods in contemporary Australian infants: What, when and why? Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51 (2). pp. 186-191. ISSN 1034-4810


Aim: To accurately establish the extent to which breastfeeding exclusivity and duration and the introduction of foods other than breast milk are congruous with Australian infant feeding guidelines among a cohort of primiparous women and their infants in Australia.
Method: The Feeding Queensland Babies Study is primarily a questionnaire-based prospective birth cohort study of infant feeding attitudes and behaviours but also collected significant data on feeding patterns in infancy. These data were extracted from the demographic questionnaire and from questionnaires administered at 4 and 6 months of infant age. Participants were healthy primiparous Australian women aged between 18 and 40 years, recruited by convenience sampling in Queensland, Australia. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire both online and on paper between October 2010 and September 2011.
Results: Breastfeeding initiation in this cohort is high; however, by 4 months of age, 15.4% of mothers had completely ceased any breastfeeding, 28.7% of infants had been given formula and 18.5% had been introduced to baby cereal. By 6 months of age, 98.4% of infants had been introduced to non-milk foods, most commonly at a rate of one new food every 4 to 5 days.
Conclusion: Contemporary prospective data on infant feeding have value in describing trends that may influence the health outcomes of a generation of Australian children. Even in this group of relatively well-educated Australian women, premature cessation of breastfeeding and the early introduction of foods other than breast milk to infants demonstrate behaviours not congruous with evidence-based guidelines.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published Version restricted in accordance with publisher copyright policy (Blackwell)
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 03:16
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2016 04:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: breastfeeding; formula; infant food; maternal behaviour; weaning
Fields of Research : 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111006 Midwifery
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111403 Paediatrics
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111704 Community Child Health
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 92 Health > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920411 Nutrition
C Society > 92 Health > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920210 Nursing
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1111/jpc.12699
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26646

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