Modern agricultural practices and analysis of socio-economic and ecological impacts of development in agriculture sector, Punjab, India: a review

Sangha, Kamaljit Kaur (2014) Modern agricultural practices and analysis of socio-economic and ecological impacts of development in agriculture sector, Punjab, India: a review. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 48 (5). pp. 331-341. ISSN 0367-8245

Abstract

Agriculture is a backbone of economy in the Indian state of Punjab where Green revolution was introduced early in 1960s and has contributed largely to make India self-sufficient in food production. Although, Green Revolution has enhanced food production and consequently the economic returns in agriculture sector, but it has many backlash effects. This study analyses the modern agriculture systems that were introduced with Green Revolution largely at the expense of over-and misuse of land and water resources and loss of biodiversity. It evaluates the impact of changes in agricultural systems on the breakdown of socio-cultural fabric. Rural people, particularly agricultural communities, are facing many serious problems including farmer's suicides, health problems such as cancer, loss of work culture among the youngsters, excessive use of alcohol and drugs and loss of cultural identity for people. Punjab, which used to be one of the progressive states in India, is suffering from the loss of natural, social and health capital. This study applies an integrated approach to assess the various costs and benefits of the current agricultural system in terms of well-being of people and of associated ecological and economic perspectives. It further suggests some innovative solutions for the current problems. A holistic approach applied in this study to assess Green Revolution from socio-cultural, economic and ecological perspectives provides an in depth view of the problems that people are facing in so called economically developed state of Punjab in India.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: The copyright of the content remains with the respective society/author. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 05:41
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 05:15
Uncontrolled Keywords: green revolution; agriculture systems; socio-cultural; ecological and economic perspectives of agriculture; agricultural communities
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160401 Economic Geography
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070106 Farm Management, Rural Management and Agribusiness
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160805 Social Change
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919902 Ecological Economics
Identification Number or DOI: 10.5958/0976-058X.2014.01312.2
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26644

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