Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

Tedersoo, Leho and Bahram, Mohammad and Polme, Sergei and Koljalg, Urmas and Yorou, Nourou S. and Wijesundera, Ravi and Ruiz, Luis Villarreal and Vasco-Palacios, Aida M. and Thu, Pham Quang and Suija, Ave and Smith, Matthew E. and Sharp, Cathy and Saluveer, Erki and Saitta, Alessandro and Rosas, Miguel and Riit, Taavi and Ratkowsky, David and Pritsch, Karin and Poldmaa, Kadri and Piepenbring, Meike and Phosri, Cherdchai and Peterson, Marko and Parts, Kaarin and Partel, Kadri and Otsing, Eveli and Nouhra, Eduardo and Njouonkou, Andre L. and Nilsson, R. Henrik and Morgado, Luis N. and Mayor, Jordan and May, Tom W. and Majuakim, Luiza and Lodge, D. Jean and Lee, Su See and Larsson, Karl-Henrik and Kohout, Petr and Hosaka, Kentaro and Hiiesalu, Indrek and Henkel, Terry W. and Harend, Helery and Guo, Liang-Dong and Greslebin, Alina and Grelet, Gwen and Geml, Jozsef and Gates, Genevieve and Dunstan, William and Dunk, Chris and Drenkhan, Rein and Dearnaley, John and De Kesel, Andre and Dang, Tan and Chen, Xin and Buegger, Franz and Brearley, Francis Q. and Bonito, Gregory and Anslan, Sten and Abell, Sandra and Abarenkov, Kessy (2014) Global diversity and geography of soil fungi. Science, 346 (6213). pp. 1078-1087. ISSN 0036-8075

Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Agricultural, Computational and Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2015 06:12
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 06:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: fungi; mycology; diversity; global distribution
Fields of Research : 06 Biological Sciences > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050303 Soil Biology
06 Biological Sciences > 0605 Microbiology > 060505 Mycology
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1126/science.1256688
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26617

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