The impact of cultural similarity and level of acquaintance on personality

Gill, Davinder and Patrick, Jeff (2006) The impact of cultural similarity and level of acquaintance on personality. In: Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice, 26-30 Sep 2006, Auckland, New Zealand.

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The aim of this study was to ascertain whether people’s personality appeared to change depending on how well they knew other people they were interacting with, and whether those persons were from the same culture or not. This is a challenging question for two reasons. Personality is relatively stable by its nature, and the relationship between social context and personality is not at all well understood. Until recently studies in this area have used a relatively static model of personality. Recent research in this area is moving toward a more dynamic model to explain how personality and social context may interact with each other. Ninety-two participants took part in the study. The protocol utilized a within-subject experimental design where participants were asked to rate the personality of someone they knew well, in a number of different social situations. The results indicated that people appeared to be more self-disclosing, displayed more power-seeking behaviour, and were more empathic to others who were culturally similar. People also trusted their friends and family more, and were more self-conscious with strangers. While culture similarity and level of acquaintance did affect personality at least to some degree, they did not appear to interact.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:11
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: culture; personality; interpersonal communication; body language
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200204 Cultural Theory
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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