Utilization of alum sludge for producing aluminum hydroxide and layered double hydroxide

Wang, Ling Yun and Tong, Dong Shen and Zhao, Li Zhi and Liu, Feng Guo and An, Ning and Yu, Wei Hua and Zhou, Chun Hui (2014) Utilization of alum sludge for producing aluminum hydroxide and layered double hydroxide. Ceramics International, 40 (10). pp. 15503-15514. ISSN 0272-8842


The present work dealt with the utilization of alum sludge, which acted as an aluminum source, for producing aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3) and layered double hydroxide (LDH). The effects of the acid treatment and the neutralization with an aqueous sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) solution or with CO2 gas on the Al(OH)3 products were investigated. The Al(OH)3 samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption. A maximum 87.23% yield of Al(OH)3 was achieved under conditions as follows: the treatment of 10g of alum sludge with 15 ml of sulfuric acid (16 mol/L) at 170°C for 1 h, followed by the separation of Fe(OH)3 and Al(OH)3. Depending upon the conditions of extraction and precipitation, the Al(OH)3 products appeared to be in the form of boehmite and bayerite or their mixture. Varying neutralization influenced the purity, yield, morphology, and texture of the Al(OH)3 products. Amorphous Al(OH)3 was obtained by using CO2 gas for the neutralization, whereas fiber-like crystalline Al(OH)3 was obtained by using an aqueous NaHCO3 solution for the neutralization. With addition of an external magnesium source, the resultant Al(OH)3 can then be converted into crystalline layered double hydroxide (LDH) by a coprecipitation and hydrothermal method. The results indicated that crystalline and amorphous Al(OH)3 can both undergo decomposition and subsequent reassembly with Mg species to form crystalline LDH.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2015 00:06
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2016 05:00
Uncontrolled Keywords: alum sludge; aluminumhydroxide; layered double hydroxide; alunite; sodium bicarbonate
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091207 Metals and Alloy Materials
03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030306 Synthesis of Materials
03 Chemical Sciences > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030503 Organic Chemical Synthesis
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.07.012
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26538

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