The effect of peripheral visual information on correct and false recall in short-term memory

Parham, S. and Witteveen, K. and Tehan, G. (2013) The effect of peripheral visual information on correct and false recall in short-term memory. In: 48th Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference (APS 2013): Psychology for a Healthy Nation, 8-12 Oct 2013, Cairns, Australia.


In long-term memory (LTM), studying pictures instead of words can enhance veridical memory while reducing lure production (Israel & Schacter, 1997). This pattern has been
attributed to the way in which these stimuli are processed. While associative words alone promote relational encoding, pictures encourage item-specific encoding, which in turn
can interfere with relational processing. The current study investigated whether those findings could be observed in the short-term domain. Of interest was the effect of word-congruent and word-incongruent images at the time of item encoding. To examine this, related and unrelated word lists were studied alone or simultaneously with a matching
picture, or a non-matching picture. The non-matching condition has not yet been examined in this domain, and was introduced because of discrepant findings regarding the effect of distracting information on false memory. Correct and false recall of 42 adults aged 18-55 was measured through an immediate serial recall task. Results indicated that recall was not enhanced after studying matching pictures, nor were false memories inhibited. Viewing a different picture reduced veridical recall and hindered
false recall, but not to the point of significance. Additionally it was observed that there was an advantage to memory for related word lists. A follow up study was conducted in which the matching and non-matching pictures were replaced by written words. Twenty new adults aged 18-55 participated in this immediate serial recall task. Similar to the picture study, the matching stimuli did not significantly enhance recall or reduce false memories. However, the non-matching words did inhibit correct recall, and to a greater extent than the non-matching pictures. Also consistent with the picture study, the nonmatching
words did not significantly inhibit lure production. The differing effects of peripheral visual information on correct and false recall will be discussed in relation to
the irrelevant speech effect.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Psychology, Counselling and Community
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2015 22:48
Last Modified: 15 May 2017 23:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: recall; long term memory; short term memory
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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