Effect of energy absorbing mechanisms on the blunt thoracic trauma caused by ballistic impacts

Thota, Narasimha M. and Epaarachchi, Jayantha A. and Lau, Kin Tak (2014) Effect of energy absorbing mechanisms on the blunt thoracic trauma caused by ballistic impacts. In: 8th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, 24-26 Nov 2014, Melbourne, Australia.

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military and law enforcement officials have been using kinetic energy non-lethal weapons ranging from rubber bullets to projectiles with foam in situations which do not warrant the usage of lethal force. On many occasions, non-lethal projectiles have caused serious injuries. Therefore, a scholastic study was carried out to see the effect on the injury caused by the projectiles embedded with various energy absorbing mechanisms. Projectile – target interaction (kinetic energy transfer or energy gained
by the target and Total energy of the projectile) plays a vital role in understanding the effect of the projectile on the target. Therefore, to evaluate the effect of the energy absorbing mechanisms on the
blunt thoracic trauma, target considered should emulate the human thorax as far as the projectile-thorax interaction is concerned. A fully validated FE model of the thoracic surrogate (FE model of the MTHOTA
surrogate of the thorax, which is validated with the human response corridors developed by Wayne State University’s researchers) was impacted with a typical foam nosed projectile at a speed of 90 meters per second. A collapsible Aluminum foil attached to the hollow foam nose of the projectile and impact simulations were carried out for different thicknesses of the foil (0.3 mm and 0.5 – 4.0 mm with an increment of 0.5 mm). To nullify the effect of the variation in the mass and also for effective comparison, impact speed was adjusted so that kinetic energy of the projectile remain same for all analyses. For the design of the collapsible mechanisms considered for the study, foil thickness less
than 2 mm, though foiled structure got collapsed it didn’t absorb considerable amount of energy. More than 2 mm thickness, foil didn’t collapse properly and whole projectile acted as stiff/solid round and
produced more injury. Dynamic force response, dynamic displacement response, effect of the aluminum foil on the thoracic injury in terms of VCmax etc., were presented in this paper.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No indication of copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2015 07:24
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2017 00:10
Uncontrolled Keywords: blunt chest trauma, wood baton, TPE foam nose, MTHOTA surrogate, projectile-thorax interaction, VCmax
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: A Defence > 81 Defence > 8101 Defence > 810104 Emerging Defence Technologies
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26501

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