Review of anthropomorphic test dummies for the evaluation of thoracic trauma due to blunt ballistic impacts

Thota, Narasimha M. and Epaarachchi, Jayantha A. and Lau, Kin Tak (2014) Review of anthropomorphic test dummies for the evaluation of thoracic trauma due to blunt ballistic impacts. In: 8th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, 24-26 Nov 2014, Melbourne, Australia.

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Biomechanical responses of the thoraces of finite element models of 4 Anthropomorphic Test Dummies (namely, LSTC Hybrid III deformable, LSTC Hybrid III rigid, LSTC/NCAC Hybrid III and ES-2re) were reviewed by impacting them with the 140 gram wooden projectile with impact speeds of 20 and 40 m/s, and 30 g wooden projectile with 60 m/s. In order to elucidate the usefulness of the ATDs for evaluating blunt thoracic trauma caused by blunt ballistic impacts (projectile mass 20 – 200 gram, velocity 20 – 250 m/s), responses obtained were compared with the human response corridors developed by
Wayne State University’s researchers. It was evident that none of the thoraces exhibited bio-fidelity for the impact cases considered for the analysis. Thoraces of former three dummies found to be very stiff
and the latter yielded realistic responses but Viscous Criterion (VCmax) values based on the deflection response were way higher when compared to those obtained from the cadaveric experiments for the similar impact conditions. Values of viscous criterion (VCmax), probability for AIS3+ and AIS4+ injuries based on the maximum rib deflections (only for the ES-2re dummy for particular impact locations), were found to be, for some cases, to a certain extent, in agreement with those obtained from the cadaveric experiments. The present study highlights the unsuitability of the numerous thorax models (both physical and finite element), while necessitating the development of the thorax surrogate with an acceptable biofidelity. Such biomechanical surrogate of the thorax, for the evaluation of trauma, is essential for the validation of non-lethal ammunition, development of bullet proof vests and chest protectors for the athletes of collision & contact sports.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: No indication of copyright restrictions.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2015 07:08
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2017 00:09
Uncontrolled Keywords: blunt thoracic trauma, anthropomorphic test dummy, the human response corridor,thoracic surrogate, AIS, bio-fidelity, viscous criterion
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: A Defence > 81 Defence > 8101 Defence > 810104 Emerging Defence Technologies

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