Implications of out-migration in rural agriculture: a case study of Manapang Village, Tanahun, Nepal

Khanal, Uttam and Alam, Khorshed and Khanal, Ramesh C. and Regmi, Punya P. (2015) Implications of out-migration in rural agriculture: a case study of Manapang Village, Tanahun, Nepal. Journal of Developing Areas, 49 (1). pp. 331-352. ISSN 0022-037X


This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between agriculture and migration in Manapang Village Development Committee (VDC) of Tanahun District, Nepal. A total of 120 randomly sampled households were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Results showed that the average land holding size, irrigated land holding size, livestock holding, income from agriculture, and investment of household income in agriculture to be higher in non-migrating households than in migrating households, whereas total household income was higher in migrating households than in non-migrating ones. The marginal value productivity of labor was lower for major crops than the average wage rate for non-farm work. The size of abandoned land was higher in migrating than non-migrating households. The average share of remittances in household income was 62.50% in migrating households. Out-migration affected the total annual gross agricultural production significantly contributing 16.80 percent to the total variation negatively. A large proportion of the remittances were used for consumption purposes, but only 5% was used in agriculture. Findings of this study reveal that although migration has a positive effect on the overall economy in the rural households, agricultural productivity suffers as a result.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright Tennessee State University College of Business.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2015 06:29
Last Modified: 22 May 2017 03:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: emigration; remittances; labor force; agriculture; household income
Fields of Research : 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140201 Agricultural Economics
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160804 Rural Sociology
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9102 Microeconomics > 910299 Microeconomics not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1353/jda.2015.0012

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