El Nino southern oscillation based rainfall forecasts in southern Africa. 1. seasonal forecasts can help communal farmers manage drought

Cobon, D. H. and Unganai, L. S. and Clewett, J. F. (2003) El Nino southern oscillation based rainfall forecasts in southern Africa. 1. seasonal forecasts can help communal farmers manage drought. In: 7th International Rangelands Congress 2003: Rangelands in the New Millennium , 26 Jul-1 Aug 2003, Durban, South Africa.

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Abstract

Drought is the single most important natural disaster affecting some parts of southern Africa virtually every year. Because of the region's heavy dependence on rain-fed agriculture, drought is usually associated with widespread crop failure, livestock deaths, environmental degradation, famine and socio-economic stress. Reliable seasonal rainfall forecasts could lead to proactive drought mitigation strategies. In this study, the utility of probabilistic seasonal forecasts was examined in terms of forecast skill and timeliness for decision making. The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) in spring was a useful indicator of summer rainfall (Nov-Mar) for c. 50% of stations in southern Africa and of drier than normal conditions for c. 20% of stations. The SOI average would have been useful to forecast severe droughts in parts of southern Africa between 1930 and 1992. The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) signal was greatest in central South Africa, Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Kenya. Forecast lead-times were 0-2 months, which was considered adequate for decision making by communal farmers - provided the forecasts were relevant and tailored for the local area. The climate analysis package Rainman International with international data is a useful forecasting tool on subcontinental and local scales. Training of agricultural extension officers in the use of climate analysis software like Rainman International is necessary to ensure effective dissemination to, and application of forecasts by, communal farmers.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2015 01:17
Last Modified: 13 May 2015 03:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: El Nino; southern oscillation; daily rainfall forecasts; Zimbabwe
Fields of Research : 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070102 Agricultural Land Planning
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040107 Meteorology
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040105 Climatology (excl.Climate Change Processes)
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8304 Pasture, Browse and Fodder Crops > 830403 Native and Residual Pastures
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26421

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