CAE simulation based methodology for airbag compliant vehicle front protection system development

Thota, Narasimha and Epaarachchi, Jayantha and Lau, Kin Tak (2013) CAE simulation based methodology for airbag compliant vehicle front protection system development. International Journal of Vehicle Structures and Systems, 5 (3-4). pp. 95-104. ISSN 0975-3060


In Australia, few hundreds of vehicle crashes involving animals are being recorded every year. In order to protect the headlights, radiator, engine and bonnet from getting damaged and also to improve the occupant safety, many cars are equipped with vehicle front protection system (VFPS) which are either 'over the bumper' or 'bumper replacement' type. VFPS alters the crush characteristics of the vehicle and in turn affects the airbag triggering characteristics. Hence, non-airbag compliant VFPS would cause more serious damage to the vehicle and potentially serious injuries to the occupants instead of offering additional safety in the event of animal strike or low speed crash. Though FPS is a very common accessory for all passenger vehicles in Australia, not much research is published in regards to the airbag compatibility and other requirements to comply with the safety standards and Australian design rules pertaining to the VFPS. Authors have devised a CAE simulation based methodology to develop airbag compliant VFPS requiring minimum number of vehicle crash tests. In this paper, authors have presented various aspects related to the VFPS design such as styling, mounting points, mounting brackets, material specifications, weight requirement and endurance life, along with the CAE methodology to acquire the airbag compliant VFPS.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: (c) MAFTREE. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2014 06:01
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 03:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADR69; airbag compatibility; occupant safety; vehicle front protection system; vehicle-animal collision
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090204 Automotive Safety Engineering
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 88 Transport > 8801 Ground Transport > 880104 Rail Safety
Identification Number or DOI: 10.4273/ijvss.5.3-4.04

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