Squatters and separation: a synoptic overview

French, Maurice (2010) Squatters and separation: a synoptic overview. Queensland History Journal, 20 (13). pp. 804-819. ISSN 1836-5477

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The Separation of Queensland from New South Wales in December 1859 was an indirect consequence of three upheavals in post-Napoleonic Europe: firstly, the collapse of the Spanish wool flocks, the protection of the Saxon flocks and the industrialisation of the British textiles industry with increased demand for cotton and, more pertinently, merino wool; secondly, a radical, democratic insurgency against restored conservative regimes that produced abortive revolutions and socialist ideology in
continental Europe and Chartism in Britain; and thirdly, as a direct result of the preceding two factors, the large-scale emigration to the Australasian colonies of an entrepreneurial, ambitious, capitalist middle class and an
impoverished, dispossessed working class – each of which, aspiring to an improved lifestyle, had a dramatic impact on the shaping of the Australian colonies. This paper, drawing on the established historiography, surveys the role that the squatters played in the Separation of pastoral Queensland from a democratising New South Wales. Hence, while avoiding a white triumphalist interpretation – I have published elsewhere on frontier conflict – it might be subtitled 'in praise of squatterdom'.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This publication is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: No Faculty
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2014 04:04
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2014 23:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: Queensland independence; separation; squatters; history
Fields of Research (2008): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160601 Australian Government and Politics
21 History and Archaeology > 2103 Historical Studies > 210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070101 Agricultural Land Management
Fields of Research (2020): 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4408 Political science > 440801 Australian government and politics
43 HISTORY, HERITAGE AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 4303 Historical studies > 430302 Australian history
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300202 Agricultural land management
Socio-Economic Objectives (2008): C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950503 Understanding Australia's Past
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26248

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