Evaluating the effect of heat transfer on cell disruption in ultrasound processes

Yusaf, Talal (2015) Evaluating the effect of heat transfer on cell disruption in ultrasound processes. Annals of Microbiology, 65 (3). pp. 1447-1456. ISSN 1590-4261


Ultrasound is one of the mechanical methods used for disruption of microorganisms. Ultrasonic treatments of microorganisms are sensitive to a wide range of parameters such as net thermal power, residence time distribution (RTD), and the biological structure of the target microorganism. A commercial ultrasonic processor attached to a stainless steel processing cell was used in this research work. To evaluate the net heat dissipated in a small volume of the commercial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the suspension was subjected to 117 W at 20 kHz; the ultrasound cell was operated in a batch configuration with a Perspex base. Mixing of the yeast suspension and the RTD were evaluated using image processing techniques. The results of the present study showed that the heat lost through the stainless steel wall, Perspex base, and the Sonotrode (Titanium) was around 13.5% of the total power. The yeast disruption results were found to be positive. The yeast disruption test showed that complete yeast reduction can be achieved at 117 W and a specific energy of 1,146 kJ kg−1. Further study is needed to understand the real causes of microorganism disruption using ultrasound.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014. Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2015 04:58
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2016 04:59
Uncontrolled Keywords: ultrasound; cell; disruption; heat dissipated; log reduction; power; residence time distribution; yeast suspension
Fields of Research : 10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100305 Industrial Microbiology (incl. Biofeedstocks)
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091301 Acoustics and Noise Control (excl. Architectural Acoustics)
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091502 Computational Heat Transfer
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s13213-014-0983-z
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/26179

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