Arsenic-enriched aquifers: occurrences and mobilization of arsenic in groundwater of Ganges Delta Plain, Barasat, West Bengal, India

Kar, Sandeep and Maity, Jyoti Prakash and Jean, Jiin-Shuh and Liu, Chia-Chuan and Nath, Bibhash and Yang, Huai-Jen and Bundschuh, Jochen (2010) Arsenic-enriched aquifers: occurrences and mobilization of arsenic in groundwater of Ganges Delta Plain, Barasat, West Bengal, India. Applied Geochemistry, 25 (12). pp. 1805-1814. ISSN 0883-2927


Hydrogeochemical characteristics and elemental features of groundwater and core sediments have been studied to better understand the sources and mobilization process responsible for As-enrichment in part of the Gangetic plain (Barasat, West Bengal, India). Analysis of water samples from shallow tubewells (depth 24.3-48.5m) and piezometer wells (depth 12.2-79.2m) demonstrate that the groundwater is mostly the Ca-HCO3 type and anoxic in nature (mean EhSHE=34mV). Arsenic concentrations ranged from <10-538μg/L, with high concentrations only present in the shallow to medium depth (30-50m) of the aquifer along with high Fe (0.07-9.8mg/L) and relatively low Mn (0.15-3.38mg/L) as also evidenced in core sediments. Most groundwater samples contained both As(III) and As(V) species in which the concentration of As(III) was generally higher than that of As(V), exhibiting the reducing condition. Results show lower concentrations of NO3, SO4 and NO2 along with higher values of DOC and HCO3, indicating the reducing nature of the aquifer with abundant organic matter that can promote the release of As from sediments into groundwater. Positive correlations of As with Fe and DOC were also observed. The presence of DOC may actively drive the redox processes. This study revealed that reduction processes of FeOOH was the dominant mechanism for the release of As into the groundwater in this part of the Ganges Delta plain.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 06:00
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2016 04:26
Uncontrolled Keywords: arsenic concentration; arsenic in groundwater; core sediments; Delta plain; dominant mechanism; high concentration; hydrogeochemical; organic matter; positive correlations; redox process; reducing conditions; reduction process; tubewells; water samples; West Bengal; India
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040603 Hydrogeology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.09.007

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