Face-to-face or Facebook: can social connectedness be derived online?

Grieve, Rachel and Indian, Michaelle and Witteveen, Kate and Tolan, G. Anne and Marrington, Jessica (2013) Face-to-face or Facebook: can social connectedness be derived online? Computers in Human Behavior, 29 (3). pp. 604-609. ISSN 0747-5632

Abstract

Previous research has identified the importance of social connectedness in facilitating a number of positive outcomes, however, investigation of connectedness in online contexts is relatively novel. This research aimed to investigate for the first time social connectedness derived from the use of Facebook. Study 1 investigated whether offline social connectedness and Facebook connectedness were separate constructs. Participants were Facebook users (N = 344) who completed measures of offline social connectedness and Facebook social connectedness. Factor analysis (Maximum Likelihood analysis with Oblimin rotation) revealed Facebook connectedness to be distinct from offline social connectedness. Study 2 examined the relationship between Facebook social connectedness and anxiety, depression, and subjective well-being in a second sample of Facebook users (N = 274) in a cross-sectional design. Results suggest that Facebook use may provide the opportunity to develop and maintain social connectedness in the online environment, and that Facebook connectedness is associated with lower depression and anxiety and greater satisfaction with life. Limitations and future directions are considered. It is concluded that Facebook may act as a separate social medium in which to develop and maintain relationships, providing an alternative social outlet associated with a range of positive psychological outcomes.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 01:15
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 00:27
Uncontrolled Keywords: Facebook; Facebook connectedness; online relationships; social connectedness; social networking sites
Fields of Research : 08 Information and Computing Sciences > 0806 Information Systems > 080602 Computer-Human Interaction
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200102 Communication Technology and Digital Media Studies
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9502 Communication > 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.017
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25992

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