Multidimensional properties of the access to categories of experience scale

Creed, Peter A. and Machin, M. Anthony (2003) Multidimensional properties of the access to categories of experience scale. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19 (2). pp. 85-91. ISSN 1015-5759


This paper tests the factor structure and construct validity of the Access to Categories of Experience scale (ACE; Evans, 1986), which has been widely used to measure the five latent benefits of employment proposed by Jahoda (1981). The ACE and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ; Goldberg, 1972) were administered to 425 unemployed individuals. This original sample was randomly split into two subsamples. Exploratory factor analyses conducted on the first subsample demonstrated four rather than the five separate factors for the ACE scale, which has been asserted by its development and its previous use. The scale was dominated by one major factor of Activity. Confirmatory factor analysis conducted on the second subsample demonstrated a better fit for the four factors rather than the five. Construct validity was established for the ACE scale. When the identified ACE factors were correlated with the GHQ, higher levels of access to the latent benefits was associated with lower levels of psychological distress, although this result was not identified for all factors. The implications of this finding for the latent deprivation model (Jahoda, 1981) are discussed, and recommendations are made in relation to the use of the ACE scale in this area of research.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19 (2) © 2003 by Hogrefe & Huber, This article does not exactly replicate the final version published in the journal European Journal of Psychological Assessment. It is not a copy of the original published article and is not suitable for citation.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:10
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:45
Uncontrolled Keywords: latent benefits; manifest benefits; access to categories of experience scale; latent deprivation model
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1027//1015-5759.19.2.85

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