Contextual positioning: using documents as extant data in grounded theory research

Ralph, Nicholas and Birks, Melanie and Chapman, Ysanne (2014) Contextual positioning: using documents as extant data in grounded theory research. Sage Open, 4 (3). pp. 1-7.

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The use of documents as a source of extant data is relatively common in grounded theory (GT) research. While GT promotes the dictum 'all is data,' finding consistent commentary on how to use documents as data is difficult, especially among seminal works. The need to be aware of the context of extant data is a vital step prior to commencing analysis, especially in view of the lack of physical interaction between the researcher and that data. Contextual positioning is proposed as a tool that can be used to prepare extant data for analysis. Contextual positioning enhances the interactivity of the data collection process and positions the researcher before the document in a more reflexive manner. A model of contextual positioning is presented in this article to assist researchers in positioning extant data (such as documents) more reflexively. A concrete example of the use of this method is outlined to promote understanding of the value of this process.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2014. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purposes of study, research, or review, but is subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2015 04:14
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2017 23:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: documents; extant data; grounded theory; qualitative research; reflexivity
Fields of Research : 22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2203 Philosophy > 220399 Philosophy not elsewhere classified
22 Philosophy and Religious Studies > 2201 Applied Ethics > 220107 Professional Ethics (incl. police and research ethics)
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/2158244014552425

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