The role of satisfaction with occupational status, neuroticism, financial strain and categories of experience in predicting mental health in the unemployed

Creed, Peter A. and Muller, Juanita J. and Machin, M. Anthony ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0967-6934 (2001) The role of satisfaction with occupational status, neuroticism, financial strain and categories of experience in predicting mental health in the unemployed. Personality and Individual Differences, 30 (3). pp. 435-447. ISSN 0191-8869


Abstract

This study tests the contributions of the latent functions of employment (latent deprivation model; Jahoda, 1981: Jahoda, M. (1981). Work, employment and unemployment: Values theories and approaches in social research. American Psychologist, 36, 184–191), the manifest functions of employment (agency restriction model; Fryer, 1986: Fryer, D. M. (1986). Employment deprivation and personal agency during unemployment: A critical discussion of Jahoda’s explanation of the psychological effects of unemployment. Social Behaviour, 1, 3–23) and personality (trait neuroticism) in accounting for psychological distress in the unemployed. Eighty-one unemployed individuals were assessed on measures of psychological distress (GHQ-12; Goldberg, 1972: Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire. London: Oxford University Press), the latent functions of employment (activity, time structure, social contact, status, collective purpose), financial strain, trait neuroticism, and a measure of labour market satisfaction. It was shown that the latent functions of employment and financial strain were each able to contribute significantly to the prediction of psychological distress over and above that predicted by Neuroticism, which alone also contributed significantly to the prediction of distress. Results are related to the latent deprivation and agency restriction models of well-being and it is argued that temperament needs to be considered in any explanation of the negative psychological effects of unemployment.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology (Up to 30 Jun 2013)
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:10
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2021 05:24
Uncontrolled Keywords: unemployment, latent functions, manifest functions, categories of employment, financial strain, neuroticism
Fields of Research (2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
Fields of Research (2020): 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520399 Clinical and health psychology not elsewhere classified
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520104 Industrial and organisational psychology (incl. human factors)
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00035-0
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/2588

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