A UV absorbance test for measuring humified organic carbon in soil

Eberhard, F. and Pittaway, P. (2014) A UV absorbance test for measuring humified organic carbon in soil. In: 36th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT 2014), 29 Apr - 1 May 2014, Gold Coast, Australia.

Abstract

Standard methods used for measuring soil organic carbon are insensitive to short-term changes associated with soil management practices. The conventional wet oxidation and furnace induction methods (Raymont and Lyons 2011) measure all forms of soil organic carbon to some extent, not differentiating between rapidly recycled plant debris, organic residues, soil biomass or more resilient soil humic substances. The only accepted laboratory method for measuring resilient, sequestered carbon in soil (nuclear magnetic resonance or NMR), requires expensive laboratory equipment. Our new method uses off-the-shelf equipment developed for quantifying aquatic humic substances, measuring Ultraviolet (UV) light absorbance.
UV absorbance at 253.7 nm is strongly correlated with resilient aromatic compounds in aquatic humic substances quantified using NMR analysis. We have adapted water quality protocols for humified Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), for measuring humified organic carbon in soil. Under laboratory and field conditions, the UV method is sufficiently sensitive to detect changes in the concentration of humified DOC in soil amended with mulch only, or with mulch and compost. Results for total DOC and Specific UV Absorbance (SUVA; UV absorbance standardised per mg of DOC) for nine sugarcane soils, revealed large differences in total and humified DOC that were related to soil acidity. The soil health properties associated with humic substances include pH buffering, nutrient and water holding capacity, and improved soil structure. Further testing will validate the utility of the UV method for benchmarking and monitoring the impact of land management practices on soil health.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2015 03:52
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 04:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil carbon; soil health; aquatic humic substances; field testing; ultraviolet light
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050399 Soil Sciences not elsewhere classified
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070399 Crop and Pasture Production not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9614 Soils > 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25876

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