Arsenic-enriched groundwaters of India, Bangladesh and Taiwan: comparison of hydrochemical characteristics and mobility constraints

Maity, Jyoti Prakash and Nath, Bibhash and Chen, Chien-Yen and Bhattacharya, Prosun and Sracek, Ondra and Bundschuh, Jochen and Thunvik, Roger and Kar, Sandeep and Chatterjee, Debashis and Ahmed, Kazi Matin and Jacks, Gunnar and Mukherjee, Arun B. and Jean, Jiin-Shuh (2011) Arsenic-enriched groundwaters of India, Bangladesh and Taiwan: comparison of hydrochemical characteristics and mobility constraints. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A: Toxic Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 46 (11). pp. 1163-1176. ISSN 1093-4529

Abstract

Arsenic (As) enrichment in groundwater has become a major global environmental disaster. Groundwater samples were collected from 64 sites located in the districts of 24-Parganas (S), and Nadia in West Bengal, India (Bhagirathi sub-basin), and 51 sites located in the districts of Comilla, Noakhali, Magura, Brahman baria, Laxmipur, Munshiganj, Faridpur and Jhenaida in Bangladesh (Padma-Meghna sub-basin). Groundwater samples were also collected from two As-affected areas (Chianan and Lanyang plains) of Taiwan (n = 26). The concentrations of major solutes in groundwater of the Padma-Meghna sub-basin are more variable than the Bhagirathi sub-basin, suggesting variations in the depositional and hydrological settings. Arsenic concentrations in groundwaters of the studied areas showed large variations, with mean As concentrations of 125 μg/L (range: 0.20 to 1,301 μg/L) in Bhagirathi sub-basin, 145 μg/L (range: 0.20 to 891 μg/L) in Padma-Meghna sub-basin, 209 μg/L (range: 1.3 to 575 μg/L) in Chianan plain, and 102 μg/L (range: 2.5 to 348 μg/L) in Lanyang plain groundwater. The concentrations of Fe, and Mn are also highly variable, and are mostly above the WHO-recommended guideline values and local (Indian and Bangladeshi) drinking water standard. Piper plot shows that groundwaters of both Bhagirathi and Padma-Meghna sub-basins are of Ca-HCO 3 type. The Chianan plain groundwaters are of Na-Cl type, suggesting seawater intrusion, whereas Lanyang plain groundwaters are mostly of Na-HCO 3 type. The study shows that reductive dissolution of Fe(III)-oxyhydroxides is the dominant geochemical process releasing As from sediment to groundwater in all studied areas.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2011 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2014 03:24
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 00:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: arsenic; groundwater India; Bangladesh; Taiwan; geochemistry; water quality
Fields of Research : 04 Earth Sciences > 0402 Geochemistry > 040202 Inorganic Geochemistry
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960908 Mining Land and Water Management
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960608 Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/10934529.2012.598711
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25815

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