Psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling

McIlveen, Peter (2015) Psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling. In: APA handbook of career intervention, volume 1 foundations. APA Handbooks in Psychology, 1. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. United States, pp. 403-418. ISBN 978-1-4338-1753-3


To begin, take a moment to reflect on the three terms that constitute the title of this chapter: psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling.
Now, take that moment.
What do you think? How might you describe their differences and similarities? What key terms or constructs might you deploy to differentiate or integrate them? By posing these questions, is it a simply a matter of rhetorically positing differences that do not exist? What practical differences are there? Are they merely different labels for the same thing? What societal value might you ascribe to each? Does
it really matter that much anyway? These questions underpin the reflective purpose of this chapter. This is an opportunity for you the reader to (re)consider vocational psychology, including psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling.
This chapter presents a philosophical analysis of
psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling, and takes into account history and epistemology. Methodologically, this chapter is an inspection of vocational psychology's discourse (cf. Richardson, 2012b; Stead & Bakker, 2012); for it is the discourse of vocational psychology that establishes and delimits the questions that generate research endeavors, the knowledge that identifies and differentiates the field from other branches of applied psychology, how its knowledge is transmitted, and the activities that constitute its professional practices, such as career counselling and career education. Rather than
merely rehearsing explicit knowledge of theories of
psychotherapy, counseling, and career counseling that can be read in a book or journal article, the chapter reveals issues pertaining to tacit knowledge and their paradigmatic roots.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2015 American Psychological Association. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Linguistics, Adult and Specialist Education
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2014 01:57
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 02:35
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychotherapy; counseling; career counseling
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130305 Educational Counselling
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1037/14438-022

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