Beyond the four theories of the press: A new model of national media systems

Ostini, Jennifer and Fung, Anthony Y.H. (2002) Beyond the four theories of the press: A new model of national media systems. Mass Communication and Society, 5 (1). pp. 41-56. ISSN 1520-5436

Abstract

Work on categorization of national press systems in the last 40 years has been grounded in the well-known Four Theories of the Press. Whereas this approach has been strongly criticized by international scholars for its idealism and its poverty of empiricism, it is still widely taught in introductory journalism courses across the country, and few theorists have engaged in grounding the theory with data in international settings. Although journalism is contextualized and constrained by press structure and state policies, it is also a relatively autonomous cultural production of journalists negotiating between their professionalism and state control.
This article thus proposes a new model incorporating the autonomy of individual journalistic practices into political and social structural factors—the interaction of which might currently more accurately represent press practices in the new international order. With an understanding of the background of the journalistic practices and state policies of 4 countries/cities, the multinational media coverage of a specific event is explicated in the light of the new model. This new model
explains the journalistic variations that cannot be clearly revealed using a state-policy press model alone.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published online: 17 Nov 2009, but actually first published in print in 2002.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Australian Digital Futures Institute
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2014 07:29
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2016 04:47
Uncontrolled Keywords: media systems, media, journalism, international communication, press models, theory
Fields of Research : 20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200101 Communication Studies
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200104 Media Studies
20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2001 Communication and Media Studies > 200103 International and Development Communication
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9502 Communication > 950204 The Media
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970120 Expanding Knowledge in Language, Communication and Culture
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1207/S15327825MCS0501_4
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25659

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