From EN to BN to RN: an exploration and analysis of the literature

Ralph, Nicholas and Birks, Melanie and Chapman, Ysanne and Muldoon, Nona and McPherson, Carol (2013) From EN to BN to RN: an exploration and analysis of the literature. Contemporary Nurse, 43 (2). pp. 225-236. ISSN 1037-6178


The nursing profession has experienced significant change over the last 100 years. Consequently, the workforce of the 21st century is a diverse entity that is edging toward the specialization of nurses in a specific clinical setting. In such an environment, a common knowledge base is demanded of nurses - a factor that has affected the development of second level, or enrolled nurses (ENs). The forces at play raise questions about nursing roles and scopes of practice. The establishment of education pathways that promote career development has been the stimulus for conversations about the effectiveness of the transition of EN to registered nurse (RN). This paper presents a review of the literature that identifies and explores common emerging themes (making the move from EN; adapting to Bachelor of Nursing; transitioning to RN) associated with this transition through the process of undertaking baccalaureate studies in nursing.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © eContent Management Pty Ltd. Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Nursing
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2014 01:54
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 05:17
Uncontrolled Keywords: nursing; nurse education; nurse transition; registered nurse; transition to practice; Bachelor of Nursing; baccalaureate nursing education; degree conversion programs; enrolled nurse; enrolled nurse conversion; enrolled nurse education; division two nurse
Fields of Research : 13 Education > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130209 Medicine, Nursing and Health Curriculum and Pedagogy
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1110 Nursing > 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150305 Human Resources Management
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.5172/conu.2013.43.2.225

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