Kumukumu 1, a hilltop site in the Aird Hills: implications for occupational trends and dynamics in the Kikori River delta, south coast of Papua New Guinea

David, Bruno and Aplin, Ken and Petchey, Fiona and Skelly, Robert and Mialanes, Jerome and Jones-Amin, Holly and Stanisic, John and Barker, Bryce and Lamb, Lara (2015) Kumukumu 1, a hilltop site in the Aird Hills: implications for occupational trends and dynamics in the Kikori River delta, south coast of Papua New Guinea. Quaternary International, 385. pp. 7-26. ISSN 1040-6182

Abstract

We report on archaeological excavations undertaken at Kumukumu 1 atop the dense rainforest-clad Aird Hills of the Kikori river delta islands, south coast of Papua New Guinea. Results indicate exploitation of the nearby environment, including the gathering of some 200 million shellfish from riverine habitats at the base of the hill some 600 years ago, and deposition of shell remains onto hilltop middens. We ask what the implications of such a site in a defensive location on the upper, steep hillslope of Kumukumu hill are for regional occupation and dynamics. We conclude that the hinterland-marine fringe islands of
the river deltas that include the site of Kumukumu 1 were especially sensitive to heightened crosscultural influences and inter-group raids and competition, leading to accelerated processes of centralisation and aggrandisement among some groups, and the subjugation, fragmentation and dispersal of less powerful neighbouring groups.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Arts and Communication
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 00:44
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2017 05:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: headhunting; defensive site; Aird Hills; Papua New Guinea; archaeology; Porome
Fields of Research : 20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200210 Pacific Cultural Studies
16 Studies in Human Society > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology
21 History and Archaeology > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand)
Socio-Economic Objective: C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.06.058
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25588

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