A study of influence of the delivery rubber roller on yarn properties

Xia, Zhigang and Wang, Xin and Huang, Juan and Wang, Yan and Ye, Wenxiang and Xu, Weilin (2011) A study of influence of the delivery rubber roller on yarn properties. Textile Research Journal, 81 (14). pp. 1477-1483. ISSN 0040-5175


In this study, a mechanical model was introduced to analyze the hair wrapping via a contact surface in the yarn formation zone. Worsted and ramie/cotton rovings were then used to produce yarns on an experimental ring frame with and without a delivery rubber roller to validate the theoretical analysis. Yarn properties, including hairiness, unevenness, and tensile properties were tested and the results indicated that the delivery roller could stop fibers from escaping from the twisting process in the spinning triangle and wrap most of them onto the stem of the yarn. In particular for worsted spinning, yarn unevenness CV, as well as tensile properties, was improved significantly due to an improved arrangement of the worsted strand when using the front delivery rubber roller. However, yarn evenness and tensile properties deteriorated for ramie/cotton yarn spun with a delivery rubber roller. This was mainly because of the high modulus of the ramie/cotton blend strand, as upstream twists were blocked and a weak spinning zone was formed to incur an unexpected drawing.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2011. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2014 23:05
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2017 02:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: contact arc length; delivery rubber roller; nip points; ring spinning; yarn properties
Fields of Research : 12 Built Environment and Design > 1204 Engineering Design > 120405 Models of Engineering Design
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8604 Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles > 860499 Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1177/0040517511399964
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25504

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