Needleless electrospinning of nanofibers with a conical wire coil

Wang, Xin and Niu, Haitao and Lin, Tong and Wang, Xungai (2009) Needleless electrospinning of nanofibers with a conical wire coil. Polymer Engineering and Science, 49 (8). pp. 1582-1586. ISSN 0032-3888


In this article, we have demonstrated a novel needleless electrospinning of PVA nanofibers by using a conical metal wire-coil as spinneret. Multiple polymer jets were observed to generate on the coil surface. Up to 70kV electric voltage can be applied to this needleless electrospinning nozzle without causing 'corona discharge.' Compared with conventional needle electrospinning, this needleless electrospinning system produced finer nanofibers on a much larger scale, and the fiber processing ability showed a much greater dependence on the applied voltage. Finite element calculation indicates that the electric field intensity profiles for the two systems are also quite different. This novel concept of using wire coil as the electrospinning nozzle will contribute to the further development of new large-scale needleless electrospinning system for nanofiber production.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2014 01:43
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 23:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: applied voltages; corona discharges; electric field intensities; electric voltage; fiber processing; finite element calculations; metal wires; polymer jets; wire-coils
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030305 Polymerisation Mechanisms
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100708 Nanomaterials
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/pen.21377

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