Direct observation of magnetic cycles in Sun-like stars

Morgenthaler, A. and Petit, P. and Morin, J. and Auriere, M. and Dintrans, B. and Konstantinova-Antova, R. and Marsden, S. (2011) Direct observation of magnetic cycles in Sun-like stars. Astronomische Nachrichten, 332 (9-10). pp. 866-871. ISSN 0004-6337


A sample of 19 solar-type stars, probing masses between 0.6 and 1.4 solar masses and rotation periods between 3.4 and 43 days, was regularly observed using the NARVAL spectropolarimeter at Telescope Bernard Lyot (Pic du Midi, France) between 2007 and 2011. The Zeeman-Doppler Imaging technique is employed to reconstruct the large-scale photospheric magnetic field structure of the targets and investigate its long-term temporal evolution. We present here the first results of this project with the observation of short magnetic cycles in several stars, showing up a succession of polarity reversals over the timespan of our monitoring. Preliminary trends suggest that short cycles are more frequent for stellar periods below a dozen days and for stellar masses above about one solar mass. The cycles lengths unveiled by the direct tracking of polarity switches are significantly shorter than those derived from previous studies based on chromospheric activity monitoring, suggesting the coexistence of several magnetic timescales in a same star.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2014 02:23
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 04:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars; magnetic fields; rotation; polarimetric
Fields of Research : 02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020110 Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020109 Space and Solar Physics
02 Physical Sciences > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020107 Mesospheric, Ionospheric and Magnetospheric Physics
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1002/asna.201111592

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