International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation?

Dhakal, Subas P. and Mahmood, Muhammad N. (2014) International aid and cyclone shelters in Bangladesh: adaptation or maladaptation? Contemporary South Asia, 22 (3). pp. 290-304. ISSN 0958-4935


This paper examines the unintended prospect of international aid-driven maladaptation in Bangladesh. While attempts by aid agencies to channel scarce resources to finance structural adaptation measures are commendable, complementary non-structural measures remain under the radar. Using an exploratory research approach this paper investigates the state of cyclone shelters in two coastal districts: Chittagong and Cox's Bazar. The findings indicate that the lack of adequate shelter capacity, maintenance funding, and community participation has exacerbated the vulnerability of Chittagong's marginalised urban population. The paper contends that international aid can avoid being maladaptive by accentuating community-based governance and facilitating community capacity to fund the maintenance of cyclone shelters in new ways.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Taylor & Francis. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. First Published online: 23 Jun 2014
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2014 21:07
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2016 06:01
Uncontrolled Keywords: international aid; natural disasters; resilience; social capital; urban vulnerability
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160510 Public Policy
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090505 Infrastructure Engineering and Asset Management
12 Built Environment and Design > 1204 Engineering Design > 120402 Engineering Design Knowledge
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8701 Construction Planning > 870101 Civil Construction Planning
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1080/09584935.2014.931356

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