Sustainability of transhumance grazing systems under socio-economic threats in Langtang, Nepal

Aryal, Suman and Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Cockfield, Geoff (2014) Sustainability of transhumance grazing systems under socio-economic threats in Langtang, Nepal. Journal of Mountain Science, 11 (4). pp. 1023-1034. ISSN 1672-6316


The decline or loss of traditional social-ecological systems may induce adverse effects to the societies and ecosystems. Transhumance, the recurring and seasonal movement of grazing livestock, is increasingly constrained by a numbers of factors including policy, land use and socio-economic changes in Nepal. To explore how these changes have affected the transhumance, this study investigated transhumance at the Langtang valley in central Nepal. The specific objectives of this study were to determine the herd size and composition, spatial-temporal patterns and to identify the major drivers of the system and the system changes. Data were collected from field study comprising semi-structured interviews with the herders, focus group discussions, key informants survey, and observations of rangeland and livestock management systems. The study revealed that the transhumance system in the Langtang is influenced by two types of drivers. In one hand, traditional practices are contributing to the sustainability of the system. On the other hand, the grazing patterns and adaptive responses are strongly influenced by changes in government policies, socioeconomic and cultural transformation, livestock productivity, markets, rangeland conditions and climate change. The findings of this study help with the development and implementation of transhumance management policy for the

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Science Press and Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Permanent restricted access to published version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Commerce
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2014 23:00
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 06:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chauri; drivers; Langtang; Nepal; transhumance; grazing stock
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management
04 Earth Sciences > 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience > 040699 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960509 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Mountain and High Country Environments
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1007/s11629-013-2684-7

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