The state of multi-purpose cyclone shelters in Bangladesh

Mahmood, Muhammad Nateque and Dhakal, Subas Prasad and Keast, Robyn (2014) The state of multi-purpose cyclone shelters in Bangladesh. Facilities, 32 (9/10). pp. 522-532. ISSN 0263-2772


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the state of management practices of existing multi-purpose cyclone shelters (MPCS) facilities across the 16 coastal districts in the country, in the context of an identified need for 5,500 new MPCS facilities in Bangladesh.

Design/methodology/approach – A 'multi-capitals' framework – a conceptual model for appraising the state of MPCS facilities based on seven forms of capital resources – is adopted.

Findings – MPCS facilities are not equitably distributed across the 16 coastal districts to cater to the
needs of the highly vulnerable population. Nearly 9 per cent of the existing shelters are unusable in the
event of cyclones. Once built, MPCS facilities have no maintenance funding and only around 19 per cent
of shelters have a governance mechanism that enables community participation. A strong correlation
(r = 0.65) was detected between the availability of maintenance funds and provision for community

Research limitations/implications – The potential of a multi-capitals framework to assess the management practices of existing MPCS facilities in a holistic way was limited by the secondary nature of data on the four forms of capital: built, cultural, financial and political. The significance of the other three forms of capital: human, natural and social and their implications in the context of MPCS facilities are discussed.

Practical implications – If the existing and new MPCS facilities are to become a vital component of disaster management strategies, MPCS governance mechanisms are likely to be enhanced by embracing the principles of community-based facilities management.

Originality/value – The paper introduces the utility of a multi-capitals framework to assess the existing management issues surrounding MPCS facilities and offers potential solutions in the context of developing countries. The value of the framework is in understanding the utility of an MPCS as more than just a facility.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Civil Engineering and Surveying
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2014 06:04
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2015 04:22
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change, natural disasters, community-based facilities management, multi-capitals framework
Fields of Research : 16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160510 Public Policy
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090505 Infrastructure Engineering and Asset Management
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090502 Construction Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures
B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8701 Construction Planning > 870101 Civil Construction Planning
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970112 Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design
B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8705 Building Management and Services > 870501 Civil Building Management and Services
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1108/F-10-2012-0082

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