Chlorella protothecoides microalgae as an alternative fuel for tractor diesel engines

Al-lwayzy, Saddam H. and Yusaf, Talal (2013) Chlorella protothecoides microalgae as an alternative fuel for tractor diesel engines. Energies, 6 (2). pp. 766-783.

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Biodiesel has attracted a great deal attention recently as an alternative fuel due to increasing fuel prices and the imperative to reduce emissions. Among a wide range of biodiesel resources, microalgae are a promising alternative fuel source because of the high biomass, lipid productivity and environmentally friendliness. Microalgae is also a non-edible food, therefore, there will be no impact on the human food supply chain. In this work, petroleum diesel (PD) and biodiesel from the microalgae Chlorella protothecoides (MCP-B20) blend have been used to examine the performance and the emission of a 25.8 kW agriculture tractor engine. Two engine speeds at maximum power take off (PTO) power and torque have been selected for analysis using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that there is no significant difference between the engine performance when microalgae biodiesel blend (MCP-B20) and PD were used. However, a significant reduction in CO, CO2 and NO emissions was found when MCP-B20 was used. These outcomes give strong indication that microalgae can be successfully used in tractors as alternative fuel.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2014 02:13
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2014 23:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: microalgae; diesel; biodiesel; tractor performance; emissions
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090201 Automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
03 Chemical Sciences > 0399 Other Chemical Sciences > 039903 Industrial Chemistry
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8503 Preparation and Production of Energy Sources > 850309 Production of Biofuels (Biomass)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.3390/en6020766

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