Carbon stock dynamics in different vegetation dominated community forests under REDD+: a case from Nepal

Pandey, Shiva Shankar and Maraseni, Tek Narayan and Cockfield, Geoff (2014) Carbon stock dynamics in different vegetation dominated community forests under REDD+: a case from Nepal. Forest Ecology and Management, 327. pp. 40-47. ISSN 0378-1127

Abstract

Evaluating the effectiveness and integrity of forest-based emissions reduction schemes requires appropriate
monitoring and evaluation. In order to develop one such approach, this study estimates total carbon stock and change in that stock over time, in REDD+ pilot projects in Nepal, including a comparison of outcomes by different (dominant vegetation and density) forest types. As expected, average biomass carbon was greater in dense canopy forests than sparse ones in all vegetation types. More particularly, carbon stock was highest in dense canopy of Shorea robusta forests followed by mixed broad-leaf forests, Rhododendron-Quercus forests, Pine forests and Schima–Castanopsis forests. On average, carbon stock
increased in forests under the REDD+ activities during the study period (2010–13). The carbon increment between 2010 and 2013 was higher in dense forests with dominant Pine vegetation (24 Mg C/ha) followed by Schima–Castanopsis (20 Mg C/ha), mixed broad leaf types (18.9 Mg C/ha) and S. robusta (16.9 Mg C/ha), while the lowest was found in sparse canopy of Rhododendron-Quercus vegetation
(5.9 Mg C/ha). The results suggest that funding agencies could maximise carbon stock by targeting particular forest types, but it should be noted that this has implications for the conservation and management practices for, and income from, community forests. The results of this study will be useful in designing REDD+ policies and programmes in Nepal. Although the exact results of the study could not
be applicable; the approach, framework of the study and knowledge can be applied in several other developing countries with similar community-based forest management systems.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - No Department
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 03:27
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2016 05:04
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon increment; Nepal; Shorea robusta; REDD+
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070504 Forestry Management and Environment
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8298 Environmentally Sustainable Plant Production > 829802 Management of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plant Production
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.028
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25267

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