Vertical distribution of Pratylenchus spp. in silt loam soil and Pacific Northwest dryland crops

Smiley, Richard W. and Sheedy, Jason G. and Easley, Sandra A. (2008) Vertical distribution of Pratylenchus spp. in silt loam soil and Pacific Northwest dryland crops. Plant Disease, 92 (12). pp. 1662-1668. ISSN 0191-2917

Abstract

Dryland field crops in the Pacific Northwest United States are commonly produced in silt loams infested by the root-lesion nematodes Pratylenchus neglectus and P. thornei. Soils at 30 sites in Oregon were sampled from 0 to 120 cm depth to examine the vertical distribution of these Pratylenchus spp. Both species were distributed through entire soil profiles of all cropping systems. Populations were generally greatest in the surface 30 cm, but sometimes high populations were detected at depths greater than 45 cm. Sampling to 30 cm depth allowed detection of more than 50% of the population in most sites, while sampling to 45 cm depth yielded more than 75% of the population in over 75% of the sites evaluated. Therefore, soil samples should be collected to 30 to 45 cm depth to accurately estimate populations of Pratylenchus spp. in dryland crops produced on silt loams in the Pacific Northwest. Populations of Pratylenchus spp. were found to be related to the most recently planted crop, with populations after barley, after wheat, and during summer fallow being detected in ascending order


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2008 The American Phytopathological Society. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2014 10:25
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2014 02:54
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemical fallow; cultivated summer fallow; Hordeum vulgare; mustard; Sinapsis alba; Triticum aestivum; soil surveys; Nematoda
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050103 Invasive Species Ecology
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050303 Soil Biology
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960413 Control of Plant Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Environments
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-92-12-1662
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25130

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