Engine performance and emissions using Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in a CI diesel engine

Ong, Hwai Chyuan and Masjuki, H. H. and Mahlia, T. M. I. and Silitonga, A. S. and Chong, W. T. and Yusaf, Talal (2014) Engine performance and emissions using Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in a CI diesel engine. Energy, 69. pp. 427-445. ISSN 0360-5442

Abstract

Biodiesel is a recognized replacement for diesel fuel in compressed ignition engines due to its significant
environmental benefits. The purpose of this study is to investigate the engine performance and emissions produced from Jatropha curcas, Ceiba pentandra and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel in compressed ignition engine. The biodiesel production process and properties are discussed and a comparison of the three biodiesels as well as diesel fuel is undertaken. After that, engine performance and emissions testing was conducted using biodiesel blends 10%, 20%, 30% and 50% in a diesel engine at full throttle load. The engine performance shows that those biodiesel blends are suitable for use in diesel engines. A 10% biodiesel blend shows the best engine performance in terms of engine torque, engine power, fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency among the all blending ratios for the three biodiesel blends.
Biodiesel blends have also shown a significant reduction in CO2, CO and smoke opacity with a slight increase in NOx emissions.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2014 06:44
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2015 02:43
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel; Calophyllum inophyllum; Ceiba pentandra; emissions; engine performance; Jatropha curcas
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091305 Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050299 Environmental Science and Management not elsewhere classified
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100302 Bioprocessing, Bioproduction and Bioproducts
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8503 Preparation and Production of Energy Sources > 850309 Production of Biofuels (Biomass)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2014.03.035
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25062

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