MILD combustion: the future for lean and clean combustion technology

Noor, M. M. and Wandel, Andrew P. and Yusaf, Talal (2014) MILD combustion: the future for lean and clean combustion technology. International Review of Mechanical Engineering , 8 (1). pp. 251-257. ISSN 1970-8734


The future of today's society is greatly depending on the energy development. Due to the depletion of fossil fuel and the gradual development of energy generation from renewable sources, energy security becomes an important intergovernmental issue. This paper discusses the energy needs and the new combustion technology that will aid in achieving lean and clean combustion. In 2001, British Petroleum estimated the total natural gas reserves to be 187.5 trillion cubic meters, which can supply up to 7x1015 MJ of energy. The total petroleum reserves can supply up to 1,383 billion barrels which amounts to 8.4x1015 MJ of energy. Due to the increasing population and economic development, these fuel reserves will not last long. Energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions are two important and critical issues. The new combustion technology, moderate and intense low oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion provides a feasible solution. MILD, also known as flameless oxidation (FLOX) and high temperature air combustion (HiTAC) was discovered by Wünning in 1989. The thermal efficiency of combustion can be increased by about 30% and NOx emission reduced by 50%. MILD also can be achieved using different types of fuel such as gas fuel, liquid fuel and industrial waste fuel (saw dust). MILD combustion will be an important future combustion technology due to it producing higher efficiency and very low emissions.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2014 00:06
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2017 02:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy security; MILD combustion; biogas; world energy policy
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090405 Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100399 Industrial Biotechnology not elsewhere classified
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology

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