Dynamics of carbon and biodiversity under REDD+ regime: a case from Nepal

Pandey, Shiva Shankar and Cockfield, Geoff and Maraseni, Tek Narayan (2014) Dynamics of carbon and biodiversity under REDD+ regime: a case from Nepal. Environmental Science and Policy, 38. pp. 272-281. ISSN 1462-9011


There are several pilot projects in developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conserving forests, managing forests in a sustainable way and enhancing carbon stock in forests (REDD+). However, outcomes from these projects, which are crucial for making strategies and developing an appropriate incentive mechanism for REDD+ particularly in relation to impacts on biodiversity, are little researched. The overarching goal of this research is to assess carbon stock and species richness in pilot REDD+ projects in community forests. Forest inventories data for three consecutive years are analysed for projects in Nepal. This study found increases in carbon stocks in forests for all altitudes and canopy types. Forests with dense canopy cover have
higher increments compared to sparse canopy. Similarly, forests of lower altitudes have higher carbon stock compared to higher altitudes. The increment is higher in the forests located in middle altitudes which had comparatively low carbon stocks. Regarding species richness, more species are recorded in initial years of the project than later. This indicates a possible reduction in species richness with increasing the carbon stock. There is a need for an incentive mechanism for maintaining species richness together with carbon stock and securing conservation and carbon benefits in REDD+ in community forestry.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - No Department
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2014 04:40
Last Modified: 13 May 2015 03:58
Uncontrolled Keywords: community forestry; species richness; carbon pool; biomass
Fields of Research : 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0705 Forestry Sciences > 070502 Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management
Socio-Economic Objective: D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.01.005
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/25017

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