Redefining trait models of emotional intelligence as measuring emotional competence: a comparison of ability versus trait EI methodologies

Murphy, Angela and Janeke, H. C. (2011) Redefining trait models of emotional intelligence as measuring emotional competence: a comparison of ability versus trait EI methodologies. BRICS Journal of Educational Research, 2 (1). pp. 1-12. ISSN 2231-5829

Abstract

This study proposes that EI measured using self-report tools should be redefined as measuring Emotional Competency and that EI measured using ability models should be the model that is considered as measuring Emotional Intelligence. To support this claim, the present study compared the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Mayer, Salovey & Caruso, 2002) and a self-report measure of EI (Schutte et al., 1998) to examine the extent to which these two instruments are measuring the same
construct. In addition, the overlap with a trait measure of cognitive thinking styles, the Thinking Styles Inventory (Sternberg & Wagner, 1992), was explored to identify the extent of the overlap of these measures with alternative measures of lower order personality traits.

The performance based measure was observed to be unrelated to both the self-report measure of EI and thinking styles. Self-reported EI on the other hand showed evidence of moderate relationships with thinking styles and also shared factor space. The relations with the demographic characteristics of a sample of employees from a diverse South African consulting firm (N=308) showed evidence of divergent patterns between the two measures. Implications of the results for the validity of EI as a single construct are discussed.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Australian Digital Futures Institute
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2014 22:50
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2017 05:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: emotional intelligence; emotional competence; thinking styles; trait emotional intelligence; ability emotional intelligence
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170202 Decision Making
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170107 Industrial and Organisational Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/24858

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