A review of hydrogen and natural gas addition in diesel HCCI engines

Hairuddin, A. Aziz and Yusaf, Talal and Wandel, Andrew P. (2014) A review of hydrogen and natural gas addition in diesel HCCI engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32. pp. 739-761. ISSN 1364-0321


Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine uses a relatively new mode of combustion technology. In principle, there is no spark plug or injector to assist the combustion, and the combustion auto-ignites in multiple spots once the mixture has reached its chemical activation energy. The challenges in developing HCCI engines are the difficulties in: controlling the auto-ignition of the mixture and the heat release rate at high load operations, achieving a cold start, meeting emission standards and controlling knock. At low engine speeds, early auto-ignition can occur, possibly leading to knocking, while late auto-ignition at high engine speeds will make HCCI susceptible to misfire. Hydrogen greatly reduces emissions levels but with reduced power. However, when hydrogen is combined with diesel in dual-fuel mode, low NOx, CO and particulate matter (PM) emissions levels can be achieved, and engine efficiency can be increased by 13–16%. Numerical methods are commonly used to predict HCCI engines' performance (i.e. emissions levels, brake thermal efficiency and combustion phasing), which is cost-effective compared to solely relying on experimentation. The multi-zone method promises better simulation results compared to the single-zone model by combining detailed chemical kinetics with simplified 3D modeling so that turbulence and inhomogeneity in the mixture are considered; good agreement between simulations and experiments have been achieved. Specific strategies used in the experimental method (e.g. fuel additives, inlet air heating, inlet air pressurizing, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and injection methods), and numerical method (e.g. single-zone and multi-zone models, mixing model, turbulence model and multi-dimensional model), and other issues associated with HCCI engines are discussed in this paper.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2014 02:04
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 00:49
Uncontrolled Keywords: HCCI; engine; hydrogen; natural gas; diesel; numerical; chemical kinetic
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0307 Theoretical and Computational Chemistry > 030703 Reaction Kinetics and Dynamics
09 Engineering > 0902 Automotive Engineering > 090201 Automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
09 Engineering > 0913 Mechanical Engineering > 091307 Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8504 Energy Transformation > 850402 Hydrogen-based Energy Systems (incl. Internal Hydrogen Combustion Engines)
Identification Number or DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.018
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/24777

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