Electro muscle stimulus system for wasted muscle rehabilitation

Dobson, David (2013) Electro muscle stimulus system for wasted muscle rehabilitation. [USQ Project]

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Abstract

Muscle degeneration describes the process whereby a muscle deteriorates and is unable to perform at its prior functionality. Muscle degeneration can be a symptom of aging, injury, nerve damage, stroke, motor neuropathy, muscular dystrophy and arthritis in addition to many ailments.

Muscle degeneration impacts on the quality of life of those affected. To have a device which could stop or reverse muscle degeneration could have a significant impact on the quality of life for these people. Many who are affected by muscle degeneration experience barriers to undertaking strenuous exercise such as weights and resistance training. For these people, doing something as simple and unobtrusive as wearing an armband, would be advantageous in reducing recovery time or assisting with ongoing problems.

The purpose of this project is to test the ability of targeted Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) to increase muscle strength by designing and testing an apparatus that can be worn on the forearm.

Targeted EMS was performed on opposing muscles located within the forearm and responsible for controlling the fingers for a period of 10 minutes at a time, extending over a 6 week period. Initially a PLC was adapted with custom hardware to provide the EMS, with a modified TENS device being used for the final testing of muscle strength improvement.

It was found that not only is it possible to target individual muscles in the arm, but that stimulation of opposing muscles for short periods at a time can simulate resistance training, thereby increasing muscles strength and preventing or even reversing muscle degeneration during periods of inactivity without the need for strenuous exercise.


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Item Type: USQ Project
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Supervisors: Bowtell, Les
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2014 23:46
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2014 00:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: electro muscle stimulus; wasted muscle; rehabilitation
Fields of Research : 09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090302 Biomechanical Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/24663

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