The role of dispositional optimism in college adaptation: testing a model of direct and indirect relations

Perera, Harsha N. (2013) The role of dispositional optimism in college adaptation: testing a model of direct and indirect relations. In: 12th Australian Conference on Personality and Individual Differences (ACPID 2013), 22-23 Nov 2013, Brisbane, Australia.

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Abstract

The present research proposes a theoretical model linking dispositional optimism, social support, engagement coping and adaptation to the college transition. This model was tested in a short-term longitudinal study with a sample of incoming college undergraduates (N = 246). The resultant data were largely consistent with the study's hypotheses and supported the a priori model. In structural equations analyses, optimism was shown to be a direct, prospective predictor of higher perceived social support, the greater use of engagement coping and better academic and psychological adaptation to the college transition. Further, empirical tests of mediation revealed that the relations of optimism with academic and psychological adaptation were mediated in part by engagement coping and perceived social support, respectively. These direct and indirect associations were found to be robust when controlling for extraversion and neuroticism.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Faculty / Department / School: Current - Faculty of Business, Education, Law and Arts - School of Linguistics, Adult and Specialist Education
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2013 05:37
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 01:14
Uncontrolled Keywords: optimism; college adaptation; coping; social support; mediation; indirect effects; bootstrapping
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
13 Education > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130305 Educational Counselling
Socio-Economic Objective: E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/24287

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