Intelligence testing in the military: origins, usefulness, and future directions

Fogarty, Gerard (2013) Intelligence testing in the military: origins, usefulness, and future directions. In: Military human resource issues: a multinational view. Canadian Defence Academy Press, Kingston, ON. Canada, pp. 61-70. ISBN 978-1-100-21718-5


Most, if not all, military systems in the modern world use some form of assessment of general cognitive ability to recruit the most suitable personnel and to place them in the right jobs. The nature of what is being assessed sometimes goes under different labels. Popular variations include 'intelligence', 'learning potential', 'general mental ability', and 'cognitive aptitude'. The labels are not arbitrary, but for the purposes of this chapter we can ignore their subtle differences and speak about cognitive ability. The assessment of cognitive ability has been a standard practice in industry since the 1920s. Regarded as controversial at different times, the practice has been researched and debated extensively over the last 90 years. In anticipation of further papers on the subject in the Focus series, the present chapter is devoted to the origins of cognitive ability assessment in the military and to the fundamental question of whether or not this type of assessment works. The chapter will close with a preview of some questions that should be addressed as we approach the second 100 years of the assessment of cognitive ability.

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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © 2013 Her Majesty the Queen, in right of Canada as represented by the Minister of National Defence. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2013 05:45
Last Modified: 03 May 2017 01:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: intelligence testing; military recruitment; psychological tests
Fields of Research : 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
16 Studies in Human Society > 1606 Political Science > 160604 Defence Studies
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective: A Defence > 81 Defence > 8101 Defence > 810109 Personnel

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