Thermal degredation study of kenaf fibre/epoxy composites using thermo gravimetric analysis

Azwa, Z. N. and Yousif, B. F. (2013) Thermal degredation study of kenaf fibre/epoxy composites using thermo gravimetric analysis. In: 3rd Malaysian Postgraduate Conference (MPC 2013), 4-5 Jul 2013, Sydney, Australia.

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Kenaf fibres are receiving much attention in the natural fibre composite industry due to its potential as polymer reinforcements. However, like all natural fibres, kenaf fibres have lower thermal resistance as compared to synthetic fibres. In this current work, the characteristics of kenaf fibre/epoxy composites, both treated and untreated using alkalization process, exposed to high temperature were studied. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to study the thermal decomposition behaviour of treated and untreated kenaf fibre/epoxy composites, glass fibre/epoxy composite as well as neat epoxy from room temperature up to 600ºC. Surface morphology of both kenaf fibre/epoxy composites after exposure at 100ºC was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results from the TGA showed that the addition of kenaf fibres into the epoxy slightly improves both the charring and thermal stability of the samples. However, it was observed that alkalization of fibres causes reduction in these behaviours. At 100ºC, the SEMs show more voids in the untreated composites than the treated ones, suggesting higher moisture content within the voids which influences the higher weight loss of untreated composite at this temperature.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This proceedings are open to public.
Faculty/School / Institute/Centre: Current - Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences - School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2013 04:53
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 00:21
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural fibres composites; kenaf fibre; thermal degradation; thermo gravimetric analysis; TGA
Fields of Research : 03 Chemical Sciences > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural) > 030602 Chemical Thermodynamics and Energetics
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
04 Earth Sciences > 0404 Geophysics > 040405 Gravimetrics
Socio-Economic Objective: B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8703 Construction Materials Performance and Processes > 870399 Construction Materials Performance and Processes not elsewhere classified

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